SESRIC - Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries

SESRIC releases a series of country cases reports on Global Muslim Diaspora: UK, Germany and Japan
Date : 22 May 2019

As part of its Global Muslim Diaspora (GMD) Project, SESRIC has recently published a series of country cases reports on United Kingdom (UK), Japan and Germany. The Reports offer a range of useful data and insights on the similarities and differences of challenges faced by the Muslim Diaspora in these countries.

The findings of the reports show that the main challenges of the Muslim communities and minorities in non-OIC countries are racism, Islamophobia, discrimination by the state, violation of rights, social prejudice, negative representation in media, as well as fragmentation, lack of unity, leadership and representation. Despite the general framework of rights and freedoms in many countries, which are considered to be very good by the Muslims, they still report experiencing discrimination in their daily life, at various levels and degrees of intensity.

United Kingdom

Muslims in the United Kingdom constitute one of the largest, most diverse and most dynamic Muslim minority communities across the globe. The data reveals that the Muslim community in Britain is over 2.7 million (as off 2011), accounting for 4.8% of the British population. More than one-third of them (37.4%) live in London. Asian and Asian British Muslims make up the majority among the Muslim community. There is a notable increase in numbers of ethnic White Muslims, as well as in the Black African Muslim community. Lastly, there is a significant Arab Muslim community, which has been increasing in recent years. In terms of age, the Muslim community in the UK is much younger than the rest of the population.


The Muslim community in Germany is diverse in its ethnic, national, cultural, and religious composition. The number of Muslims living in the country is around 4.5 to 4.8 million, which accounts for more than 5% of the German population. The significant majority of Muslims in Germany are of Turkish origin. According to recent studies, in 2015, the Turks made up 63.2% of the Muslim community in Germany. This number has decreased to 50% recently due to the significant inflow of Syrian and other groups.


The size of the Muslim community in Japan is not very large currently. Although the number of Muslims has grown at a rapid pace in recent years, they still make up less than 0.2% of the total population. Japan’s ageing population is creating a demand for foreign labour. Greater openness to foreign workers may increase the population of the Muslim community in Japan, both in the medium and long term. The Japanese Muslim community, mostly economic immigrants, is well educated and qualified compared to other Muslim communities in developed countries.

Online Electronic Versions

  • Global Muslim Diaspora - Muslim Communities and Minorities in Non-OIC Member States: United Kingdom (English)
  • Global Muslim Diaspora - Muslim Communities and Minorities in Non-OIC Member States: Japan (English)
  • Global Muslim Diaspora - Muslim Communities and Minorities in Non-OIC Member States: Germany (English)